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Knee Replacement Rehabilitation at Advantage Physical Therapy in Kalamazoo, MI

knee-surgeryKnee prosthesis or knee replacement aims to replace a knee joint too damaged to go about daily activities such as descending or mounting stairs, walking, and doing chores.  Our expert physical therapists at Advantage Physical Therapy in Kalamazoo, MI, helps with the rehabilitation after knee replacement surgery.

Osteoarthritis is one of the primary causes of knee replacement.

It is the wear and tear of the cartilage on the sliding surfaces. It begins in a small part of the joint and then extends at a variable speed to the entire articulation.

There are often multiple causes of osteoarthritis: related to age, excessive weight, trauma, congenital joint deformity, or inflammatory diseases.

With the disappearance of the cartilage, the bone areas are directly in contact, and the joint gliding becomes challenging and painful. Gradually the bone and the joint deform.

During a knee replacement, bone and cartilage areas that are damaged are removed and replaced by artificial parts with the same shape. These parts are made of different metal alloys (chromium, cobalt, titanium, etc.) and are hinged together by a piece of polyethylene.

The goal of knee surgery is the disappearance of pain, recovery of joint mobility and being able to do the things you usually do such as walking, standing, descending or mounting stairs.

Since the lifespan of the knee prosthesis is fifteen to twenty years, knee replacement is avoided as far as possible before 60 years old, unless there is another choice because the discomfort is too disabling.

The Principles of Knee Replacement Rehabilitation

Rehabilitation begins the day after the surgery. Physical therapists in Kalamazoo, MI, will help you to stand up and walk using crutches.

It is imperative to have daily physical therapy as early as the first three weeks after the knee replacement. The goal in this period is to gain maximum mobility.

physical-therapy-after-knee-surgeryPhysical therapists at Advantage Physical Therapy in Kalamazoo, MI, passively mobilize the joint in flexion and extension. Depending on the pain, the flexion is steadily increased day by day.

The physical therapist’s goal is to gain amplitude and improve muscle function.  The work of walking and everyday activities is central to rehabilitation. Walking distances are gradually increased and a physical therapist in Kalamazoo, MI, takes care to correct any faults in walking.

The best rehabilitation to is to independently do things such as walking, climbing and descending stairs, practicing the exercise bike and swimming.

Home exercises are essential. Physical therapists at Advantage Physical Therapy in Kalamazoo, MI, show patients therapeutic exercises to practice every day.

Depending on the patient’s progress, they must be adapted concerning difficulty, the number of repetitions, or the number of series.

Initially, the patient receives instructions to improve circulation and drainage, mostly through walking exercises. Strengthening, mobilization, stretching and proprioception exercises are introduced gradually by a physical therapist in Kalamazoo, MI.

Physical therapists at Advantage Physical Therapy in Kalamazoo, MI, motivate the patient on doing simple exercises at home to reproduce on short times, several times a day.

Return to work typically occurs after the second month, depending on the occupation, office activity may be earlier. Sports activities begin gradually after the third month on the advice of a physical therapist at Advantage Physical Therapy in Kalamazoo, MI.

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